Affirmations and Admonitions: Lutheran Decisions and Dialogue with Reformed, Episcopal, and Roman Catholic Churches (with Gabriel Fackre). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.
Baptism and the Unity of the Church (with Risto Saarinen). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998.
Sharper Than a Two-Edged Sword: Preaching, Teaching, and Living the Bible (with James J. Buckley). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008.
Justification by Faith: Do the Sixteenth Century Condemnations Still Apply?, edited by Karl Lehmann, translated with William G. Rusch. New York: Continuum, 1997.
Communio Sanctorum: The Church as the Communion of Saints, by the Bilateral Working Group of the German National Bishops’ Conference and the Church Leadership of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany, translated with Mark W. Jeske and Daniel R. Smith. Collegeville: Liturgical 2004, Press.
“Creation, Redemption and the Limits of System: A Study of Regin Prenter.” In Creation and Method: Critical Essays on Christocentric Theology, edited by Henry Vander Goot, 13-28. Washington: University Press of America, 1981.
“Images of Liberation: Justin, Jesus, and the Jews.” The Thomist 48 (1984): 512-534.
“The Theological Character of the Seminary.” Trinity Seminary Review 6 (1984): 5-9.
“Dying He Lives: Biblical Image, Biblical Narrative, and the Redemptive Jesus.” Semeia 30 (1984), Christology and Exegesis: New Approaches, edited by Robert Jewett, 155-169.
“Called to the Office of Ministry: The New Testament and Today.” Currents in Theology and Mission 12 (1985): 157-166.
“The Narrative Structure of Soteriology.” Modern Theology 2 (1986): 145-158. Reprinted in Why Narrative?, edited by Stanley Hauerwas & L. Gregory Jones, 263-278. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989.
“Truth, Relativism, and Postliberal Theology.” dialog 25 (1986): 175-180.
“Necessity and Unfittingness in Anselm’s Cur deus homo.” Scottish Journal of Theology 40 (1987): 211-230.
“Do Not Grow Weary in Well-Doing: Lutheran Responses to the BEM Ministry Document.” dialog 27 (1988): 23-30.
“A Seminary Professor Speaks.” In Lutheran Identity and American Cultures, 28-33. N.p.: Lutheran Academy, 1988.
“The Implications of The Implications of the Gospel.” dialog 28 (1989): 143-145.
“The Augsburg Confession as Ecumenical Proposal: Episcopacy, Luther, and Wilhelm Maurer.” dialog 28 (1989): 223-232.
“The Niagara Report: A Possible Lutheran-Anglican Future?” dialog 28 (1989): 300-302. [Slightly altered German translation in MD: Material~dienst des Konfessionskundlichen Instituts Bensheim 40 (1989): 92-94.]
“Schleiermacher as Innovator and Inheritor: God, Dependence and Election.” Scottish Journal of Theology 42 (1990): 87-110.
“The LWF at Curitiba.” dialog 29 (1990): 135-138.
“The Phrase ‘Full Communion’ as a Statement of the Ecumenical Goal: A Dossier.” In A Commentary on “Ecumenism: The Vision of the ELCA”, edited by William G. Rusch, 142-153. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1990.
“Identity and Difference: The Ecumenical Problem.” In Theology and Dialogue: Essays in Conversation with George Lindbeck, edited by Bruce D. Marshall, 165-190. Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press, 1990.
“The Proposal for Lutheran-Episcopal Fellowship: Unity and the Gospel.” Lutheran Forum 25, 2 (May, 1991): 22-25.
“Bishops as Points of Unity and Continuity.” In Episcopacy: Lutheran-United Methodist Dialogue II, edited by Jack M. Tuell & Roger W. Fjeld, pp. 118-125. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1991. A shortened version was earlier published as “The Ministry of Bishops and the Unity and Continuity of the Church,” Taproot 2 (1987): 22-31.
“Satis est: What Do We Do When Other Churches Don’t Agree?” dialog 30 (1991): 314-324.
“Participating in Christ’s Priesthood.” In On Assignment from God: The Ministry of the Baptized, pp. 14-22. Chicago: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, 1991.
“Dialogue and Communion: Report from the Consultation on Ecumenical Dialogues.” In Communio and Dialogue: Compatibility--Convergence--Consensus, edited by Eugene L. Brand, 7-16. Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, 1992.
“Was ist eine Grunddifferenz?: Zwei Bemerkungen zum Begriff.” In Grundkonsens-Grunddifferenz, edited by Harding Meyer & André Birmelé, pp. 251-257. Frankfurt: Lembeck; Paderborn, Bonifatius, 1992.
“Anglican-Lutheran Relations: Their Present State, History, and Challenge.” Midstream 32 (1993): 39-55.
“The Ecumenical Task Before Us: Reception, Consensus, and Communion,” In Lutheran Ecumenism on the Way: Documentation from the Klingenthal Consultation, LWF Documentation No. 32 (1993): 9-19.
“The Unity of the Church and the Reality of the Denominations.” Modern Theology 9 (1993): 385-401.
“Some Lutheran Comments on ‘Some Aspects of the Church as Communion’” (with William G. Rusch). Mid-Stream 32 (1993): 95-103.
“Anglican-Lutheran Relations: Their Broader Ecumenical Significance.” One in Christ 30 (1994): 22-33.
“Die Studie ‘Kirchen in Gemeinschaft’ in Kontext der ökumensichen Dialoge: Wo stehen wir, und wie kann es weitergehen?” Ökumenische Information (Katholische Nachrichten Agentur) Nr. 20 (11. Mai, 1994): 5-9.
“The Unity of the Church as a Moral Community: Some Comments on ‘Costly Unity’.” Ecumenical Review 46 (1994): 194-203.
“A Comment on The Church and Human Sexuality: A Lutheran Perspective.” In A Collection of Responses From ELCA Academicians and Synodical Bishops to “The Church and Human Sexuality: A Lutheran Perspective”, pp. 279-282. Chicago: Division for Church in Society, ELCA, 1994.
“Lutheran Reflections on the Porvoo Statement” (with William G. Rusch). Mid-Stream 33 (1994): 358-362.
“An Examination of the ‘Concordat of Agreement’ in Relation to International Agreements.” Ecumenical Trends 23 (1994): 103-106.
“The Ecumenical Identity of the Lutheran World Federation.” Ecumenical Review 46 (1994): 420-427.
“Die ökumenische Bedeutung der jüngeren Entwicklungen in der lutherischen Diskussion um die Trinität. Eine bescheidene Analyse, die zur Bescheidenheit aufruft.” In Luther und die trinitarische Tradition, Publications of the Luther-Akademie Ratzeburg, pp. 147-159. Erlangen: Martin Luther Verlag, 1994.
“Ministry in the Lutheran-Methodist Dialogue.” Lutheran Forum 28, no. 4 (Advent, 1994): 32-37.
“Ein neues Verständnis von Einheit?” In Was hält die Christenheit zusammen?, Loccumer Protokolle 66/93, edited by Wolfgang Greive, pp. 117-124. Loccum: Evangelische Akademie Loccum, 1994.
“The Concordat and the Northern European Porvoo Common Statement: Different Paths to the Same Goal.” In A Commentary on “Concordat of Agreement”, edited by James E. Griffiss and Daniel F. Martensen, pp. 138-151. Minneapolis: Augsburg; Cincinnati: Forward Movement, 1994.
“Conditions of Communion: Bishops, the Concordat, and the Augsburg Confession.” In Inhabiting Unity: Theological Perspectives on the Proposed Lutheran-Episcopal Concordat, edited by Ephraim Radner and R. R. Reno, pp. 52-70. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995.
“Full Communion between Episcopalians and Lutherans in the United States: What Would It Look Like?” In Concordat of Agreement: Supporting Essays, edited by Daniel F. Martensen, pp. 165-190. Minneapolis: Augsburg Cincinnati: Forward Movement, 1995.
“Die Einheit der Kirche in Christus, im Glauben und in der Liebe: Ekklesiologische und ökumenische Fragen.” In Der Heilige Geist: Ökumenische und reformatorische Untersuchungen, Veröffentlichungen der Luther-Akademie, Ratzeburg, vol. 25, pp. 157-168. Erlangen: Martin Luther Verlag, 1996. [English summary in Luther Digest 7 (1999): 82-85]
“A Striking Convergence in American Ecumenism.” Origins 26 (1996):60-64. Also published as “Communion and Unity: The Ecumenical Proposals Before Us and the Final Ecumenical Goal.” Mid-Stream 36 (1997): 139-154.
“Ecumenical Theology.” In The Modern Theologians: An Introduction to Christian Theology in the Twentieth Century, 2nd. edition, edited by David F. Ford, pp. 538-554. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.
“What Are We Doing? The Unity of the Church and the Unity of the Churches.” Currents in Theology and Mission 24 (1997): 124-134.
“Should We Do It? The Question of Criteria.” Currents in Theology and Mission 24 (1997): 135-146.
“What Difference Does It Make? The Ecumenical Decisions and the Future of American Lutheranism.” Currents in Theology and Mission 24 (1997): 147-154.
“The Communion Statement in Its Context.” In The Church as Communion: Lutheran Contributions to Ecclesiology, edited by Heinrich Holze, LWF Documentation 42, pp. 31-42. Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, 1997. Also in parallel German publication.
“Local Church, Universal Church, and Christian World Communions.” In The Church as Communion: Lutheran Contributions to Ecclesiology, edited by Heinrich Holze, LWF Documentation 42, pp. 357-376. Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, 1997. Also in parallel German publication.
“Affirming the Communion: Ecclesiological Reflection in the LWF.” In From Federation to Communion: The History of the Lutheran World Federation, edited by Jens Holger Schírring, Prasanna Kumari, and Norman A. Hjelm, pp. 216-247. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997. Also in parallel German publication: Vom Weltbund zur Gemeinschaft: Geschichte des Lutherischen Weltbundes 1947-1997, pp. 192-219. Hanover: Lutherisches Verlagshaus, 1997.
“Can the Sixteenth Century Condemnations on Justification be Declared Nonapplicable?” (with William G. Rusch) In Justification by Faith: Do the Sixteenth Century Condemnations Still Apply?, edited by Karl Lehmann, pp. 1-20. New York: Continuum, 1997.
“Lutherisch-anglikanische Entscheidung in den USA?” MD: Material~dienst des Konfessionskundlichen Instituts Bensheim 48 (1997): 110-112.
“What’s Next Ecumenically?” dialog 37 (1998): 142-145.
“’Reconciled Diversity’ and the Visible Unity of the Church.” In Community--Unity--Communion: Essays in Honour of Mary Tanner, edited by Colin Podmore, pp. 237-251. London: Church House Publishing, 1998.
“Christian World Communions and the CUV Process.” Ecumenical Review 50 (1998): 330-337.
“The Gift of Authority: An Observer’s Report and Analysis.” Ecumenical Review 51 (2000): 57-71.
“Generous Orthodoxy: Regin Prenter’s Appropriation of Grundtvig.” In Grundtvig in International Perspective: Studies in the Creativity of Interaction, edited by A. M. Allchin, et al., pp. 45-58. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2000.
“The Jubilee Indulgence and the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification.” Pro Ecclesia 9 (2000): 460-475.
“Church Law and Governance in the Lutheran Tradition.” The Jurist 60 (2000): 103-123.
“Beyond Contrast: The Past, Present, and Future of Lutheran Theology.” Trinity Seminary Review 22 (2001): 81-90.
“The Lutheran Churches.” In The Christian Church: An Introduction to the Major Traditions, edited by Paul Avis, pp. 186-213. London: SPCK, 2002.
“Porvoo in the Context of the Worldwide Anglican-Lutheran Dialogue” In Apostolicity and Unity: Essays on the Porvoo Common Statement, edited by Ola Tjørhom, pp. 15-33. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.
“Beyond the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification: The Shape of Continuing Discussion on Justification.” In Kirche in ökumenischer Perspektive FS Walter Kasper, edited by Peter Walter, Klaus Krämer, and George Augustin, pp. 354-367. Freiburg: Herder, 2003.
“On the Power of Bishops.” Lutheran Forum 37, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 36-47.
“Once More on the Unity We Seek: Testing Ecumenical Models.” In The Unity We Have and the Unity We Seek: Ecumenical Prospects for the Third Millenium, edited by Jeremy Morris & Nicholas Sagovsky, pp. 167-177. London: T & T Clark, 2003.
“The Implications of the Joint Declaration on Justification and Its Wider Impact for Lutheran Participation in the Ecumenical Movement.” In Justification and the Future of the Ecumenical Movement: The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, edited by William G. Rusch, pp. 47-60. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2003.
“The Roman Catholic Bishop in Ecumenical Perspective,” in Unfailing Patience and Sound Teaching: Reflections on Episcopal Ministry in Honor of Rembert G. Weakland, edited by David A. Stosur, pp. 111-132. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 2003.
“Essential Unity and Lived Communion: The Interrelation of the Unity We Have and the Unity We Seek.” In The Ecumenical Future: Background Papers for “In One Body through the Cross: The Princeton Proposal for Christian Unity,” edited by Carl E. Braaten and Robert W. Jenson, pp. 106-125. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004.
“Aquinas, Merit, and Reformation Theology after the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification.” Modern Theology 20 (2004): 5-22.
“The Uses of History in Ecumenical Argument: The Example of Article 14 of the Apology of the Augsburg Confession.” In Sapere teologico e unità della fede: Studi in onore del Prof. Jared Wicks, edited by Carmen Aparicio Valls, et al., pp. 553-570. Rome: Editrice Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 2004.
“Unity in Reconciled Diversity: A Concept in Crisis.” In Unitas Visibilis: Studia oecumenica in honorem Eero Huovinen episcopi Helsingiensis, edited by Jari Jolkkonen et al., pp. 213-220. Helsinki: Luther-Agricola Gesellschaft, 2004.
“Anglican-Lutheran Agreements: A Brief Orientation” (with David Tustin). In Anglican-Lutheran Agreements: Regional and International Agreements 1972-2002, edited by Sven Oppegaard and Gregory Cameron, pp. 11-21. LWF Documentation 49. Geneva: Lutheran World Federation, 2004.
“The Development of Doctrine: A Lutheran Understanding and its Ecumenical Application.” Ecclesiology 2 (2005): 35-51.
“Catholic and Evangelical Theology.” Pro Ecclesia 16 (2006): 9-16.
“Continuing the Conversation: Deeper Agreement on Justification as Criterion and on the Christian as simul justus et peccator.” In The Gospel of Justification in Christ: Where Does the Church Stand Today?, edited by Wayne C. Stumme, pp. 42-61. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006.
“Consistency and Difference in Anglican-Lutheran Relations: Porvoo, Waterloo, and Called to Common Mission.” In One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism: Studies in Christian Ecclesiality and Ecumenism in Honor of J. Robert Wright, edited by Marsha L. Dutton & Patrick Terrell Gray, pp. 296-315. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006.
“The Indwelling Spirit and the Agency of the Church: A Lutheran Perspective on the Catholic-Methodist International Dialogue.” Ecclesiology 2 (2006): 307-323.
“The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification: A Lutheran Systematic Theological Perspective.” In Rereading Paul Together: Protestant and Catholic Perspectives on Justification, edited by David E. Aune, pp. 60-76. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006.
“Ecumenism.” In The Blackwell Companion to Catholicism, edited by James J. Buckley, Frederick Christian Bauerschmidt, & Trent Pomplun, pp. 432-447. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.
“Faith and Order in a Postmodern World: A Response.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 42 (2007): 560-570.
“Bishops, Ministry, and the Unity of the Church in Ecumenical Dialogue: Deadlock, Breakthrough, or Both?” In Proceedings of the Catholic Theological Society of America 62 (2007): 19-35.
“Jesus and the Pope: Ecumenical Reflections on Benedict XVI’s Jesus of Nazareth” Pro Ecclesia 17 (2008): 152-158.
“Communion and Difference.” Journal of Lutheran Ethics 9, no. 7 (July, 2009), http://www.elca.org/What-We-Believe/Social-Issues/Journal-of-Lutheran-Ethics/Issues/July-2009/Communion-and-Difference.aspx.
“Preaching Justification.” In Proclaiming the Gospel: Preaching for the Life of the Church, edited by Brian K. Peterson, pp. 24-34. Fortress: Minneapolis, 2009.
“Ethics in Ecumenical Dialogues: A Survey and Analysis.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 45 (2010), 357-375.
“Vatican I and the Development of Doctrine: A Lutheran Perspective.” In How Can the Petrine Ministry Be a Service to the Unity of the Universal Church?, edited by James Puglisi, pp. 124-142 . Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010.
“Indulgences as Ecumenical Barometer: Penitence and Unity in the Christian Life.” In Bulletin of the Centro pro Unione (Rome) 39 (Spring 2011), 3-9.
“Symposium on Revelation and Theology, by Ronald Thiemann.” dialog 26 (1986): 63.
“Books about Nicolaj Grundtvig Worth Discussing,” Currents in Theology and Mission 13 (1986): 310-312.
“Alister McGrath on Cross and Justification: A Review Discussion.” The Thomist 54 (1990): 705-725.
”Is the Reformation Over? And What If It Is?: A Review of Is the Reformation Over? An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism, by Mark Noll and Carolyn Nystrom. Pro Ecclesia 16 (2007): 334-344.